英語自由空間 FE-Space Blog

blog no.3
使える文法とは?
What is practical grammar?

ほとんどの日本人は結局、日本語をべースにして外国語を学ぶしかないわけです。日本人にとって最初に知る言語は日本語だから、外国語の意味を考える場合、状況から意味が取れるその言葉が話される言語環境に居る以外、日本語に変換して学ぶしかないんですね。

しかし、そうすると日本語の文法や語彙の意味などに影響されます。例えば日本語にない完了形などのsystem が理解できず、使えないということになります。だから、英語を学ぶとき一番大事なのはlanguage transferという考えに基づいて日本語と英語の違いを示してくれる文法なのです。

このlanguage transfer という考えに基づく実戦的な文法がどんなものかについて
はまた次回お話しします!

本文英訳(参考)
Most Japanese people, after all, have only the Japanese language to use as a basis in order to learn foreign languages. Since the first language Japanese people learn is Japanese, when they think about the meaning of foreign words they must learn by converting the meaning into Japanese, unless they are in a linguistic environment where the specific language is spoken and they can guess the meaning from the situation.

But then they are influenced by Japanese grammar or the meaning of Japanese expressions. For example, they can’t understand systems like perfect form because it doesn’t exist in the Japanese language. So the most important thing to learn in English is grammar, which shows the differences between Japanese and English based on the idea of “language transfer.”

I will talk about what the practical grammar based on the idea of “language transfer” is like next time.

(By M.Ichiro)

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